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Was ist der Authorized Liable Status (YYS)? Die Bescheinigung über den “Authorized Liable Status” ist ein internationaler Status, der zuverlässigen Unternehmen, die ihre zollrechtlichen Pflichten und andere allgemeine Anforderungen erfüllen, Erleichterungen und Privilegien für ihre Zolltätigkeit bietet.

A/VAd ValoremAd Valorem
AFAdvance FreightFrachtvorschuss
AWBAirWay BillLuftreisekostenabrechnung(Luft)
B/GBonded GoodsGebundene Waren
BTBerth TermsLiegeplatzbedingungen
CADCash Against DocumentsBargeld gegen Dokumente
CAGCash Against GoodsBargeld gegen Waren
CFRCost and FreightKosten und Fracht
CIACash In AdvanceBargeld im Voraus
CIFCost, Insurance and FreightKosten, Versicherung und Fracht (Seestraße)
CIPCarrıage and Insurance Paid toCarrıage und Versicherung gezahlt an
CLCarload LotWagenladung
CODCase On DeliveryKoffer bei Lieferung
CONFConfirm/ConfirmedBestätigen/Bestätigt
COSCash On ShipmentNachnahme
CPDCharteres Py DuesCharta Py Abgaben
CPTCarriage Paid ToBeförderung bezahlt an
CRCurrent RateAktueller Kurs
D/ADocuments Against AcceptanceDokumente gegen Akzeptanz
D/ODelivery OrderLieferauftrag
D/PDocuments Against PaymentDokumente gegen Zahlung
DADDocuments Against Discretion of collecting bankDokumente gegen Ermessen der Inkassobank
DAFDelivered At FrontierGeliefert an der Grenze
DDUDelivered duty unpaidUnverzinst geliefert
DEQDelivered Ex QuayGeliefert ab Kai (Bezahlte Steuern)
DESDelivered Ex ShipGeliefert ab Schiff
DFTDraftWechsel
ENCLEnclosureGehege
ENDEndorse/ endorsementBefürworten/Vermerken
ETAExpected Time of ArrivalVoraussichtliche Ankunftszeit
EXQEq QuayEq Kai
EXWEx WorksLieferung bei der Arbeit
FDFree DischargeDie Entladekosten gehen nicht zu Lasten des Schiffes.
FASFree Alongside ShipLieferung längsseits des Schiffes
FCAFree CarrierLieferung an den Spediteur
FANDFreight and DemurrageFracht und Liegegeld
FIBFree Into BunkersLieferung ins Lager
FIOFree In and OutDer Spediteur hat kein Interesse an den Be- und Entladekosten.
FIOSFree In and Out, StowedFIO und das hat nichts mit den Stapelkosten zu tun.
FOFree OutDie Entladung gehört dem Käufer
FOBFree On BoardFrei an Bord
FOCFree Of ChargeKostenfrei
FRFWRDFreight ForwardFrachtbegriff
FRTFreightFracht
FRTCOLLFreight CollectFrachtkosten werden berechnet
FRTPPFreight PrepaidFracht vorausbezahlt
GRWTGross WeightBruttogewicht
IOUI owe YouIch schulde Dir
IRREVIrrevocableUnwiderruflich
L/CLetter of CreditAkkreditiv
LOLiner OutLiner Out
M/RMate’s ReceiptQuittung des Kameraden
MIPMarine Insurance PolicySeeversicherungspolice
PAPower of Attorny/ Private accountBevollmächtigung/ Privatkonto
PBPass BookPassbuch
TOTurnoverUmsatz
 HöheMaterialTara Gewicht (kg/lbs)Max* Ladekapazität (kg/lbs)Bei Offener TürInnenabmessungenBand (m³/cft)
BreiteHöheLängeBreiteHöhe
20 ‘ Dry Freight (mm/ft)(mm/ft)(mm/ft)(mm/ft)(mm/ft)
 8 ‘ -6″Aluminium1,630 / 3,59418,690 / 41,2042,343 / 7 ‘ 8″2,303 / 7 ‘ 7″5,933 / 19 ‘ 6″2,336 / 7 ‘ 8″2,399 / 7 ‘ 10″33.2 / 1,172
 8 ‘ -6″Stahl2,300 / 5,07121,700 / 47,8402,340 / 7 ‘ 8″2,280 / 7 ‘ 6″5,905 / 19 ‘ 4″2,350 / 7 ‘ 9″2,392 /7 ‘ 10″33.2 / 1,172
 
 HöheMaterialTara Gewicht (kg/lbs)Max* Ladekapazität (kg/lbs)Bei Offener TürInnenabmessungenBand (m³/cft)
BreiteHöheLängeBreiteHöhe
40 ‘ Dry Freight (mm/ft)(mm/ft)(mm/ft)(mm/ft)(mm/ft)
 8 ‘ -6″Aluminium2,640 / 5,82027,840 / 61,3772,343 / 7 ‘ 8″2,283 / 7 ‘ 6″12,058 /39 ‘ 7″2,343 / 7 ‘ 8″2,383 / 7 ‘ 10″67.3 / 2,376
 8 ‘ -6″Stahl3,860 / 8,51026,620 / 58,6872,340 / 7 ‘ 8″2,280 / 7 ‘ 6″12,039 / 39 ‘ 6″2,350 / 7 ‘ 9″2,392 / 7 ‘ 10″67.7 / 2,390
 
 HöheMaterialTara Gewicht (kg/lbs)Max* Ladekapazität (kg/lbs)Bei Offener TürInnenabmessungenBand (m³/cft)
BreiteHöheLängeBreiteHöhe
40 ‘ HC DRY (mm/ft)(mm/ft)(mm/ft)(mm/ft)(mm/ft)
 9 ‘ -6″Aluminium3,010 / 6,633627,470 / 60,5612,343 / 7 ‘ 8″2,589 / 8 ‘ 8″12,060 / 39 ‘ 7″2,340 / 7 ‘ 8″2,679 / 8 ‘ 9″75.6 / 2,669
 9 ‘ -6″Stahl3,990 / 8,79626,490 / 58,4002,340 / 7 ‘ 8″2,585 / 8 ‘ 6″12,035 / 39 ‘ 6″2,350 / 7 ‘ 9″2,696 / 8 ‘ 10″76.3 / 2,693
 HöheMaterialTara Gewicht (kg/lbs)Max* Ladekapazität (kg/lbs)Bei Offener TürInnenabmessungenBand (m³/cft)
BreiteHöheLängeBreiteHöhe
20 ‘ Refrigerated (mm/ft)(mm/ft)(mm/ft)(mm/ft)(mm/ft)
 8 ‘ -6″Aluminium2,820 / 6,21721,180 / 46,6942.525 / 7 ‘ 5″2,212 / 7 ‘ 3″5,545 / 18 ‘ 2″2,525 / 7 ‘ 5″2,259 / 7 ‘ 5″28.2 / 995
 HöheMaterialTara Gewicht (kg/lbs)Max* Ladekapazität (kg/lbs)Bei Offener TürInnenabmessungenBand (m³/cft)
BreiteHöheLängeBreiteHöhe
40 ‘ Refrigerated (mm/ft)(mm/ft)(mm/ft)(mm/ft)(mm/ft)
 8 ‘ -6″Aluminium4,100 / 9,03926,380 / 58,1582,286 / 7 ‘ 6″2,169 / 7 ‘ 1″11,679 / 38 ‘ 4″2,286 / 7 ‘ 6″2,211 / 7 ‘ 3″59.0 / 2,083
 HöheMaterialTara Gewicht (kg/lbs)Max* Ladekapazität (kg/lbs)Bei Offener TürInnenabmessungenBand (m³/cft)
BreiteHöheLängeBreiteHöhe
40 ‘ Refrigerated (mm/ft)(mm/ft)(mm/ft)(mm/ft)(mm/ft)
 9 ‘ -6″Aluminium4,550 / 10,03125,930 / 57,1662,286 / 7 ‘ 6″2,433 / 8 ‘ 0″11,672 / 38 ‘ 4″2,286 / 7 ‘ 6″2,505 / 8 ‘ 3″66.8 / 2,358
 HöheMaterialTara Gewicht (kg/lbs)Max* Ladekapazität (kg/lbs)Bei Offener TürInnenabmessungenBand (m³/cft)
BreiteHöheLängeBreiteHöhe
40 ‘ HC Refrigerated (mm/ft)(mm/ft)(mm/ft)(mm/ft)(mm/ft)
 9 ‘ -6″Aluminium4,550 / 10,03125,930 / 57,1662,286 / 7 ‘ 6″2,433 / 8 ‘ 0″11,672 / 38 ‘ 4″2,286 / 7 ‘ 6″2,505 / 8 ‘ 3″66.8 / 2,358
 HöheMaterialTara Gewicht (kg/lbs)Max* Ladekapazität (kg/lbs)Bei Offener TürInnenabmessungenBand (m³/cft)
BreiteHöheLängeBreiteHöhe
20 ‘ Open Top (mm/ft)(mm/ft)(mm/ft)(mm/ft)(mm/ft)
 8 ‘ -0″Stahl2,450 / 5,40121,550 / 47,5102,338 / 7 ‘ 8″2,234 / 7 ‘ 4″5,891 / 19 ‘ 4″2,350 / 7 ‘ 9″2,330 / 7 ‘ 8″32.2 / 1,137
 HöheMaterialTara Gewicht (kg/lbs)Max* Ladekapazität (kg/lbs)Bei Offener TürInnenabmessungenBand (m³/cft)
BreiteHöheLängeBreiteHöhe
40 ‘ Open Top (mm/ft)(mm/ft)(mm/ft)(mm/ft)(mm/ft)
 8 ‘ -6″Stahl4,150 / 9,14926,330 / 58,0482,338 / 7 ‘ 8″2,234 / 7 ‘ 4″12,025 / 39 ‘ 5″2,350 / 7 ‘ 9″2,330 / 7 ‘ 8″65.8 / 2,323
 HöheMaterialTara Gewicht (kg/lbs)Max* Ladekapazität (kg/lbs)Bei Offener TürInnenabmessungenBand (m³/cft)
BreiteHöheLängeBreiteHöhe
20 ‘ Flat Rack (mm/ft)(mm/ft)(mm/ft)(mm/ft)(mm/ft)
 8 ‘ -6″Stahl2,600 / 5,73221,400 / 47,1795,954 / 19 ‘ 6″2,374 / 7 ‘ 9″2,255 / 7 ‘ 5″31.9 / 1,126
 HöheMaterialTara Gewicht (kg/lbs)Max* Ladekapazität (kg/lbs)Bei Offener TürInnenabmessungenBand (m³/cft)
BreiteHöheLängeBreiteHöhe
40 ‘ Flat Rack (mm/ft)(mm/ft)(mm/ft)(mm/ft)(mm/ft)
 8 ‘ -6″Stahl5,100 / 11,24425,380 / 55,95312,072 / 39 ‘ 7″2,374 / 7 ‘ 9″1,995 / 6 ‘ 7″57.1 / 2,016
 HöheMaterialTara Gewicht (kg/lbs)Max* Ladekapazität (kg/lbs)Bei Offener TürInnenabmessungenBand (m³/cft)
BreiteHöheLängeBreiteHöhe
40 ‘ Platform (mm/ft)(mm/ft)(mm/ft)(mm/ft)(mm/ft)
 8 ‘ -6″Stahl2,600 / 5,73221,400 / 47,1795,954 /19 ‘ 6″2,374 /7 ‘ 9″2,255 / 7 ‘ 5″31.9 / 1,126
 
CLASS 1  

EXPLOSIVES

Should be stored away from the crew’s quarters and the ship’s boats and immediately under the hold’s hatches.

Substances included in this class:

Gunpowder, Fireworks, Smokebombs, Munitions, Dynamite etc.

CLASS 2.2

CLASS 2

GASES

CLASS 2.1

FLAMMABLE GASES: Should be stored away from crew’s quarters and any source of heat.

Substances included in this class:

Acetylene, Ethane, Ethylene, Methane, Hydrogen, Lighter Gas etc.

CLASS 2.2

GASES

CLASS 2.1

TOXIC GASES: Should be stored away from any source of heat, the crew’s quarters and foodstuffs.

Substances included in this class:

Ammonia, Flor, Prussic Acid, Chloride, Carbon Monoxide etc.

CLASS 2.3

NON-FLAMMABLE COMPRESSED GASES: Store on or under the deck in a cool, well-ventilated place. Containers filled with this kind of gas will expand if heated and there is a high risk of an explosion.

Substances included in this class:

Argon, Helium, Carbon Dioxide, Coal Gas, Oxygen etc.

CLASS 3

FLAMMABLE LIQUID

Inflammable liquids are divided into three groups according to the temperature at which, in a vapour state, they explode when heated.

CLASS 3.1

PETROL: Combustion at less than 18°C. Should always be stored above the deck.

CLASS 3.2

FUEL OIL: Combustion at between 18°C and 23°C. Should be stored above or below the deck

CLASS 3.3

FUEL OIL: Combustion at between 23°C and 61°C. Should be stored below the deck.

CLASS 4

GASES

CLASS 4.1

FLAMMABLE SOLID : Should be stored on top or below the deck. Should be kept away from living quarters.

Substances included in this class :

Aluminum Powder, Celluloid, Naphthalene, Red Phosphorus, Films, Naphtha Oil, Dry Fiber etc.

CLASS 4.2

SPONTENOUSLY COMBUSTIBLE : Should be stored in well ventilated areas and air should be able to circulate between the stored materials.

Substances included in this class:

Copra, Fish Powder, Hay, Charcoal etc.

CLASS 4.3

DANGEROUS WHEN WET: Solids which are inflammable when wet or when in contact with water. Should be stored in well ventilated, dry areas and always away from any contact with water

Substances included in this class:

Alkaline Alloys, Barium, Calcium Carbide, Ferro Silicon, Natrium, Magnesium etc.

CLASS 5

OXIDIZİNG SUBSTANCES

CLASS 5.1

OXIDIZING AGENT: The substances in this category can create an inflammable environment when brought into contact with oxygen. For this reason they should not be stored next to combustible materials.

Substances included in this class:

Nitrate, Artificial Fertilizers, Ammonium Sulphate, Barium Chlorate etc.

CLASS 5.2

ORGANIC PEROXIDE: The substances in this class can be inflammable or explosive. They should be stored above deck, covered and in a dry, cool areas.

Substances included in this class:

All peroxides

CLASS 6

TOXIC

CLASS 6.1

TOXIC SUBSTANCES: Toxic substances are those which can enter the human body through the mouth and cause death. For this reasons they should be stored away from foodstuffs, drinks, living quarters and materials which increase humidity, such as tobacco.

Substances included in this class:

Arsenic, Aniline, Barium Oxide, Phenol, Nicotine, Lead, Cyanide, Mercury Products etc.

CLASS 6.2

INFECTIOUS (BIOLOGICAL) SUBSTANCES : These substances contain microbes which can cause illness. They should be stored away from foodstuffs, drinks and living quarters. In case of danger the nearest health authority should be notified.

Substances included in this class:

Bones, Marrow, Condensed Meat Wastes, Animal Skins, Dehydrated Blood etc

CLASS 7

RADIOACTIVE MATERIALS

These materials should be transported in specially sealed containers. The seals must always be completely undamaged. They should preferably be stored above deck and away from living quarters, foodstuffs, unprocessed films, pharmaceuticals and chemical substances. They are divided into three groups according to their level of radioactivity.

CLASS 8

CORROSIVES

The substances in this class are solids or liquids possessing, in their original state, the common property of being able, more or less severely to damage living tissue. The escape of such a substance from its packaging may also cause damage to other cargo or the ship. Corrosive substances are apportioned among three categories (packaging groups) according to the degree of danger they present.

CLASS 9

MISCELLANEOUS DANGEROUS SUBSTANCES

Class 9 comprises:

1 – Substances and articles not covered by other classes which experience has shown, or may show, to be of such a dangerous character that the provisions of SOLAS should apply. These include substances that are transported or offered for transport at temperatures equal to or exceeding 1000 C and in a liquid state, and solids that are transported at temperatures equal or exceeding 2400 C; 

2 – Harmful substances not subjects to the provisions of SOLAS, but to which the provisions Annex III of MARPOL apply. They are divided into two categories according to the degree of danger they present: medium danger (packing group II) and minor danger (packing group III).

Container shipping terms: main abbreviations 

 
 

The next main abbreviations are adopted in the commercial practice for line transportations between ports:

FIOS — Free in/out (loading/discharging is at consigner’s cost);

FIFO — Free in/Free out (vide FIOS);

FILO — Free in/Liner out (loading is at consigner’s cost, discharging is at liner cost);

LIFO — Liner in/Free out (loading is at liner cost, discharging is at consigner’s cost);

LILO — Liner in/out (loading and discharging is at liner cost).

Depending on the shipping line or a particular port practice the different surcharges can be added to rate:

CAF (Currency Adjustment Factor) is a fee applied to the shipping costs to compensate for exchange rate fluctuations;

BAF (Bunker Adjustment Factor) refers to floating part of sea freight charges which represents additions due to oil prices;

Wharfage is a port duty;

CUC (Chassis Using Charge) is a duty for using chassis;

Documentation Fee is a duty for executing documents, etc.

Depending on shipping line extension of activity in the given territory, container can be delivered to the container yard located nearby port or to the hinterland. Also it can be delivered to the client’s “door”. Taking it into account the next additional terms can be added to the main line ones

FICY — Free in/Container yard (loading is at consigner’s cost, delivering is provided to container yard)

LI-Door — Liner in / Door (loading is at liner cost, delivering is provided to client’s door).

As a rule if line provides door-to-door container delivering it hardly ever stuff or unstuff container. This question is resolved by consigner’s efforts or with help of forwarder.