Bilgilendirme

Yetkilendirilmiş Yükümlü Statüsü (YYS) Nedir? Yetkilendirilmiş Yükümlü Sertifikası Gümrük yükümlülüklerini yerine getiren ve diğer genel gereklilikleri sağlayan güvenilir firmalara gümrük işlemlerinde kolaylık ve imtiyazlar sunan uluslararası bir statüdür.

A/V Ad Valorem Kıymet üzerinden
AF Advance Freight Peşin avans navlun
AWB AirWay Bill Konşimento(Hava)
B/G Bonded Goods Gümrüğü ödenmemiş transit mal
BT Berth Terms Yükleme ve boşaltma kuralları
CAD Cash Against Documents Vesaik mukabili
CAG Cash Against Goods Mal mukabili
CFR Cost and Freight Mal bedeli ve navlun
CIA Cash In Advance Peşin para
CIF Cost, Insurance and Freight Mal bedeli Sigorta ve navlun (Deniz yolu)
CIP Carrıage and Insurance Paid to Taşıma ve sigorta ödenmiş
CL Carload Lot Alıcının bulunduğu istasyona teslim
COD Case On Delivery Teslimat anında ödeme
CONF Confirm/Confirmed Teyit/Teyitli
COS Cash On Shipment Sevkiyat anında peşin para
CPD Charteres Py Dues  Vergi, rüsum gemi kiralayana ait 
CPT Carriage Paid To
Taşıma ücreti ödenmiş teslim
CR Current Rate Cari Kur
D/A Documents Against Acceptance Kabul karşılığı vesaik
D/O Delivery Order Teslimat emri
D/P Documents Against Payment Vesaik mukabili ödeme
DAD Documents Against Discretion of collecting bank Tahsilatı yapan bankanın takdiri karşılığında vesaik
DAF Delivered At Frontier Sınırda teslim
DDU Delivered duty unpaid Vergileri ödenmemiş teslim
DEQ Delivered Ex Quay Rıhtımda teslim (Vergileri ödenmiş)
DES Delivered Ex Ship Gemide teslim
DFT Draft Poliçe/ Kambiyo senedi
ENCL Enclosure Ekleri
END Endorse/ endorsement Ciro edilmiş/ ciro
ETA Expected Time of Arrival Geminin tahmini varış zamanı
EXQ Eq Quay Rıhtımda teslim
EXW Ex Works İşyerinde teslim
FD Free Discharge Boşaltma masrafları gemiye ait olmaksızın
FAS Free Alongside Ship Gemi yanında teslim
FCA Free Carrier Taşıyıcıya teslim
FAND Freight and Demurrage Navlun ve Sürastarya
FIB Free Into Bunkers Ambara teslim
FIO Free In and Out Taşıyıcının yükleme ve boşaltma gideri ilgisi yoktur.
FIOS Free In and Out, Stowed FIO ve istif gideriyle ilgisi yoktur.
FO Free Out Boşaltma alıcıya ait
FOB Free On Board Gemi Bordasında teslim
FOC Free Of Charge Ücretsiz
FRFWRD Freight Forward Navlun vadeli
FRT Freight Navlun
FRTCOLL Freight Collect Navlun tahsil edilecek
FRTPP Freight Prepaid Navlun peşin ödenmiş
GRWT Gross Weight Brüt ağırlık
IOU I owe You Size borcum, borç senedi
IRREV Irrevocable Rücu edilmez (Gayrikabilirücu)
L/C Letter of Credit Akreditif
LO Liner Out Boşaltma satıcıya ait
M/R Mate’s Receipt Ordino/ Yükleme ordinosu
MIP Marine Insurance Policy Deniz Sigortası poliçesi
PA Power of Attorny/ Private account Vekaletname / Özel hesap
PB Pass Book Tasarruf Cüzdanı
TO Turnover Ciro
 YükseklikMalzemeDara Ağırlığı (kg/lbs)Max* Kargo Kapasite (kg/lbs)Kapı Açıkkenİç ÖlçüleriHacmi (m³/cft)
GenişlikYükseklikUzunlukGenişlikYükseklik
20 ‘ Dry Freight (mm/ft)(mm/ft)(mm/ft)(mm/ft)(mm/ft)
 8 ‘ -6″Aluminium1,630 / 3,59418,690 / 41,2042,343 / 7 ‘ 8″2,303 / 7 ‘ 7″5,933 / 19 ‘ 6″2,336 / 7 ‘ 8″2,399 / 7 ‘ 10″33.2 / 1,172
 8 ‘ -6″Steel2,300 / 5,07121,700 / 47,8402,340 / 7 ‘ 8″2,280 / 7 ‘ 6″5,905 / 19 ‘ 4″2,350 / 7 ‘ 9″2,392 /7 ‘ 10″33.2 / 1,172
 
 YükseklikMalzemeDara Ağırlığı (kg/lbs)Max* Kargo Kapasite (kg/lbs)Kapı Açıkkenİç ÖlçüleriHacmi (m³/cft)
GenişlikYükseklikUzunlukGenişlikYükseklik
40 ‘ Dry Freight (mm/ft)(mm/ft)(mm/ft)(mm/ft)(mm/ft)
 8 ‘ -6″Aluminium2,640 / 5,82027,840 / 61,3772,343 / 7 ‘ 8″2,283 / 7 ‘ 6″12,058 /39 ‘ 7″2,343 / 7 ‘ 8″2,383 / 7 ‘ 10″67.3 / 2,376
 8 ‘ -6″Steel3,860 / 8,51026,620 / 58,6872,340 / 7 ‘ 8″2,280 / 7 ‘ 6″12,039 / 39 ‘ 6″2,350 / 7 ‘ 9″2,392 / 7 ‘ 10″67.7 / 2,390
 
 YükseklikMalzemeDara Ağırlığı (kg/lbs)Max* Kargo Kapasite (kg/lbs)Kapı Açıkkenİç ÖlçüleriHacmi (m³/cft)
GenişlikYükseklikUzunlukGenişlikYükseklik
40 ‘ HC DRY (mm/ft)(mm/ft)(mm/ft)(mm/ft)(mm/ft)
 9 ‘ -6″Aluminium3,010 / 6,633627,470 / 60,5612,343 / 7 ‘ 8″2,589 / 8 ‘ 8″12,060 / 39 ‘ 7″2,340 / 7 ‘ 8″2,679 / 8 ‘ 9″75.6 / 2,669
 9 ‘ -6″Steel3,990 / 8,79626,490 / 58,4002,340 / 7 ‘ 8″2,585 / 8 ‘ 6″12,035 / 39 ‘ 6″2,350 / 7 ‘ 9″2,696 / 8 ‘ 10″76.3 / 2,693
 YükseklikMalzemeDara Ağırlığı (kg/lbs)Max* Kargo Kapasite (kg/lbs)Kapı Açıkkenİç ÖlçüleriHacmi (m³/cft)
GenişlikYükseklikUzunlukGenişlikYükseklik
20 ‘ Refrigerated (mm/ft)(mm/ft)(mm/ft)(mm/ft)(mm/ft)
 8 ‘ -6″Aluminium2,820 / 6,21721,180 / 46,6942.525 / 7 ‘ 5″2,212 / 7 ‘ 3″5,545 / 18 ‘ 2″2,525 / 7 ‘ 5″2,259 / 7 ‘ 5″28.2 / 995
 YükseklikMalzemeDara Ağırlığı (kg/lbs)Max* Kargo Kapasite (kg/lbs)Kapı Açıkkenİç ÖlçüleriHacmi (m³/cft)
GenişlikYükseklikUzunlukGenişlikYükseklik
40 ‘ Refrigerated (mm/ft)(mm/ft)(mm/ft)(mm/ft)(mm/ft)
 8 ‘ -6″Aluminium4,100 / 9,03926,380 / 58,1582,286 / 7 ‘ 6″2,169 / 7 ‘ 1″11,679 / 38 ‘ 4″2,286 / 7 ‘ 6″2,211 / 7 ‘ 3″59.0 / 2,083
 YükseklikMalzemeDara Ağırlığı (kg/lbs)Max* Kargo Kapasite (kg/lbs)Kapı Açıkkenİç ÖlçüleriHacmi (m³/cft)
GenişlikYükseklikUzunlukGenişlikYükseklik
40 ‘ Refrigerated (mm/ft)(mm/ft)(mm/ft)(mm/ft)(mm/ft)
 9 ‘ -6″Aluminium4,550 / 10,03125,930 / 57,1662,286 / 7 ‘ 6″2,433 / 8 ‘ 0″11,672 / 38 ‘ 4″2,286 / 7 ‘ 6″2,505 / 8 ‘ 3″66.8 / 2,358
 YükseklikMalzemeDara Ağırlığı (kg/lbs)Max* Kargo Kapasite (kg/lbs)Kapı Açıkkenİç ÖlçüleriHacmi (m³/cft)
GenişlikYükseklikUzunlukGenişlikYükseklik
40 ‘ HC Refrigerated (mm/ft)(mm/ft)(mm/ft)(mm/ft)(mm/ft)
 9 ‘ -6″Aluminium4,550 / 10,03125,930 / 57,1662,286 / 7 ‘ 6″2,433 / 8 ‘ 0″11,672 / 38 ‘ 4″2,286 / 7 ‘ 6″2,505 / 8 ‘ 3″66.8 / 2,358
 YükseklikMalzemeDara Ağırlığı (kg/lbs)Max* Kargo Kapasite (kg/lbs)Kapı Açıkkenİç ÖlçüleriHacmi (m³/cft)
GenişlikYükseklikUzunlukGenişlikYükseklik
20 ‘ Open Top (mm/ft)(mm/ft)(mm/ft)(mm/ft)(mm/ft)
 8 ‘ -0″Steel2,450 / 5,40121,550 / 47,5102,338 / 7 ‘ 8″2,234 / 7 ‘ 4″5,891 / 19 ‘ 4″2,350 / 7 ‘ 9″2,330 / 7 ‘ 8″32.2 / 1,137
 YükseklikMalzemeDara Ağırlığı (kg/lbs)Max* Kargo Kapasite (kg/lbs)Kapı Açıkkenİç ÖlçüleriHacmi (m³/cft)
GenişlikYükseklikUzunlukGenişlikYükseklik
40 ‘ Open Top (mm/ft)(mm/ft)(mm/ft)(mm/ft)(mm/ft)
 8 ‘ -6″Steel4,150 / 9,14926,330 / 58,0482,338 / 7 ‘ 8″2,234 / 7 ‘ 4″12,025 / 39 ‘ 5″2,350 / 7 ‘ 9″2,330 / 7 ‘ 8″65.8 / 2,323
 YükseklikMalzemeDara Ağırlığı (kg/lbs)Max* Kargo Kapasite (kg/lbs)Kapı Açıkkenİç ÖlçüleriHacmi (m³/cft)
GenişlikYükseklikUzunlukGenişlikYükseklik
20 ‘ Flat Rack (mm/ft)(mm/ft)(mm/ft)(mm/ft)(mm/ft)
 8 ‘ -6″Steel2,600 / 5,73221,400 / 47,1795,954 / 19 ‘ 6″2,374 / 7 ‘ 9″2,255 / 7 ‘ 5″31.9 / 1,126
 YükseklikMalzemeDara Ağırlığı (kg/lbs)Max* Kargo Kapasite (kg/lbs)Kapı Açıkkenİç ÖlçüleriHacmi (m³/cft)
GenişlikYükseklikUzunlukGenişlikYükseklik
40 ‘ Flat Rack (mm/ft)(mm/ft)(mm/ft)(mm/ft)(mm/ft)
 8 ‘ -6″Steel5,100 / 11,24425,380 / 55,95312,072 / 39 ‘ 7″2,374 / 7 ‘ 9″1,995 / 6 ‘ 7″57.1 / 2,016
 YükseklikMalzemeDara Ağırlığı (kg/lbs)Max* Kargo Kapasite (kg/lbs)Kapı Açıkkenİç ÖlçüleriHacmi (m³/cft)
GenişlikYükseklikUzunlukGenişlikYükseklik
40 ‘ Platform (mm/ft)(mm/ft)(mm/ft)(mm/ft)(mm/ft)
 8 ‘ -6″Steel2,600 / 5,73221,400 / 47,1795,954 /19 ‘ 6″2,374 /7 ‘ 9″2,255 / 7 ‘ 5″31.9 / 1,126
 
CLASS 1  

EXPLOSIVES

Should be stored away from the crew’s quarters and the ship’s boats and immediately under the hold’s hatches.

Substances included in this class:

Gunpowder, Fireworks, Smokebombs, Munitions, Dynamite etc.

CLASS 2.2

CLASS 2

GASES

CLASS 2.1

FLAMMABLE GASES: Should be stored away from crew’s quarters and any source of heat.

Substances included in this class:

Acetylene, Ethane, Ethylene, Methane, Hydrogen, Lighter Gas etc.

CLASS 2.2

GASES

CLASS 2.1

TOXIC GASES: Should be stored away from any source of heat, the crew’s quarters and foodstuffs.

Substances included in this class:

Ammonia, Flor, Prussic Acid, Chloride, Carbon Monoxide etc.

CLASS 2.3

NON-FLAMMABLE COMPRESSED GASES: Store on or under the deck in a cool, well-ventilated place. Containers filled with this kind of gas will expand if heated and there is a high risk of an explosion.

Substances included in this class:

Argon, Helium, Carbon Dioxide, Coal Gas, Oxygen etc.

CLASS 3

FLAMMABLE LIQUID

Inflammable liquids are divided into three groups according to the temperature at which, in a vapour state, they explode when heated.

CLASS 3.1

PETROL: Combustion at less than 18°C. Should always be stored above the deck.

CLASS 3.2

FUEL OIL: Combustion at between 18°C and 23°C. Should be stored above or below the deck

CLASS 3.3

FUEL OIL: Combustion at between 23°C and 61°C. Should be stored below the deck.

CLASS 4

GASES

CLASS 4.1

FLAMMABLE SOLID : Should be stored on top or below the deck. Should be kept away from living quarters.

Substances included in this class :

Aluminum Powder, Celluloid, Naphthalene, Red Phosphorus, Films, Naphtha Oil, Dry Fiber etc.

CLASS 4.2

SPONTENOUSLY COMBUSTIBLE : Should be stored in well ventilated areas and air should be able to circulate between the stored materials.

Substances included in this class:

Copra, Fish Powder, Hay, Charcoal etc.

CLASS 4.3

DANGEROUS WHEN WET: Solids which are inflammable when wet or when in contact with water. Should be stored in well ventilated, dry areas and always away from any contact with water

Substances included in this class:

Alkaline Alloys, Barium, Calcium Carbide, Ferro Silicon, Natrium, Magnesium etc.

CLASS 5

OXIDIZİNG SUBSTANCES

CLASS 5.1

OXIDIZING AGENT: The substances in this category can create an inflammable environment when brought into contact with oxygen. For this reason they should not be stored next to combustible materials.

Substances included in this class:

Nitrate, Artificial Fertilizers, Ammonium Sulphate, Barium Chlorate etc.

CLASS 5.2

ORGANIC PEROXIDE: The substances in this class can be inflammable or explosive. They should be stored above deck, covered and in a dry, cool areas.

Substances included in this class:

All peroxides

CLASS 6

TOXIC

CLASS 6.1

TOXIC SUBSTANCES: Toxic substances are those which can enter the human body through the mouth and cause death. For this reasons they should be stored away from foodstuffs, drinks, living quarters and materials which increase humidity, such as tobacco.

Substances included in this class:

Arsenic, Aniline, Barium Oxide, Phenol, Nicotine, Lead, Cyanide, Mercury Products etc.

CLASS 6.2

INFECTIOUS (BIOLOGICAL) SUBSTANCES : These substances contain microbes which can cause illness. They should be stored away from foodstuffs, drinks and living quarters. In case of danger the nearest health authority should be notified.

Substances included in this class:

Bones, Marrow, Condensed Meat Wastes, Animal Skins, Dehydrated Blood etc

CLASS 7

RADIOACTIVE MATERIALS

These materials should be transported in specially sealed containers. The seals must always be completely undamaged. They should preferably be stored above deck and away from living quarters, foodstuffs, unprocessed films, pharmaceuticals and chemical substances. They are divided into three groups according to their level of radioactivity.

CLASS 8

CORROSIVES

The substances in this class are solids or liquids possessing, in their original state, the common property of being able, more or less severely to damage living tissue. The escape of such a substance from its packaging may also cause damage to other cargo or the ship. Corrosive substances are apportioned among three categories (packaging groups) according to the degree of danger they present.

CLASS 9

MISCELLANEOUS DANGEROUS SUBSTANCES

Class 9 comprises:

1 – Substances and articles not covered by other classes which experience has shown, or may show, to be of such a dangerous character that the provisions of SOLAS should apply. These include substances that are transported or offered for transport at temperatures equal to or exceeding 1000 C and in a liquid state, and solids that are transported at temperatures equal or exceeding 2400 C; 

2 – Harmful substances not subjects to the provisions of SOLAS, but to which the provisions Annex III of MARPOL apply. They are divided into two categories according to the degree of danger they present: medium danger (packing group II) and minor danger (packing group III).

Container shipping terms: main abbreviations 

 
 

The next main abbreviations are adopted in the commercial practice for line transportations between ports:

FIOS — Free in/out (loading/discharging is at consigner’s cost);

FIFO — Free in/Free out (vide FIOS);

FILO — Free in/Liner out (loading is at consigner’s cost, discharging is at liner cost);

LIFO — Liner in/Free out (loading is at liner cost, discharging is at consigner’s cost);

LILO — Liner in/out (loading and discharging is at liner cost).

Depending on the shipping line or a particular port practice the different surcharges can be added to rate:

CAF (Currency Adjustment Factor) is a fee applied to the shipping costs to compensate for exchange rate fluctuations;

BAF (Bunker Adjustment Factor) refers to floating part of sea freight charges which represents additions due to oil prices;

Wharfage is a port duty;

CUC (Chassis Using Charge) is a duty for using chassis;

Documentation Fee is a duty for executing documents, etc.

Depending on shipping line extension of activity in the given territory, container can be delivered to the container yard located nearby port or to the hinterland. Also it can be delivered to the client’s “door”. Taking it into account the next additional terms can be added to the main line ones

FICY — Free in/Container yard (loading is at consigner’s cost, delivering is provided to container yard)

LI-Door — Liner in / Door (loading is at liner cost, delivering is provided to client’s door).

As a rule if line provides door-to-door container delivering it hardly ever stuff or unstuff container. This question is resolved by consigner’s efforts or with help of forwarder.